Types of leaves in India

13 Types of Leaves in India do Companies offer to Employees 2022

Share and Get Free HR Docs

Are you an employee, concerned about your leaves? Being a citizen of India and an employee, you should be aware of the labour laws and leaves that exist for you. With modernization, numerous companies have adopted various types of leaves in India! Having an adequate leave management system allows for business effectiveness and enhanced productivity. Moreover, your company stays on a safer side since you are abiding by the Indian labour and holiday-related laws. On the other hand, not adhering to the basic holiday leave policy puts you under serious litigation.


Providing the various types of leaves in India to employees is the law, and the company has to follow it! The emergence of law ensures that every employee gets the paid leaves he is entitled to, whether sick leave or menstruation leave. Additionally, Companies that provide it timely have seen minimized absenteeism, good work-life balance, and confident employees. Motivated employees have the hunger to perform to the best of their potential.


“According to one of the Workplace Surveys, 2017 Wellness revealed that companies based out of New Zealand faced the 6.6 million working days losses in 2016. It was due to the high employee absenteeism that cost them around $1.51 billion.”


“According to the Holidays Act 2003, the managers working in New Zealand companies need to maintain the correct data. The data relates to the daily working hours completed by employees. Employers also need to track how much workers are getting paid for it, the accrued leaves, authorized leaves, and the total balance of remaining leaves. ‘Holidays act‘ helps calculate the total amount of leave to be provided for every employee.”


Most of the companies have effective leave tracking software. It helps track the data of types of leaves in India, saving you from the time wasted on manual tracking. Furthermore, it decreases the extra cost that management is liable to pay. With intelligent leave tracking systems, the proper prediction is made beforehand. The administration, this way, effectively plan on how to compensate for such leaves and the loss in your absence. Although, scenarios might arise where most of the employees fall sick simultaneously. In such circumstances, this leave policy document allows the business to continue running with the same rhythm without compromising productivity.

Types of leaves in India

In India, the leaves provided to its employees are not limited to sick leaves or privileged leaves. Policies are made to achieve the desired outcomes from the employees. The overall objective is to reduce the clashes between employees and employers. It likewise guarantees that the company is working systematically. All policies are mentioned in the offer letter or on the company’s website. Companies have adopted various new leaves nowadays to ensure employees’ satisfaction and motivation to work. The more the employee stays motivated, the more will be his productivity level, which benefits the company. So, let’s know what types of leaves are available for employees.

1. Holiday Calendar 2022

Sr.no Date Day Occasion Optional/ National Holiday
1 14-Jan Fri Makar Sankranti / Pongal Holiday
2 26-Jan Wed Republic Day National Holiday
3 1-Mar Tue Maha Shivaratri Holiday
4 18-Mar Fri Holi Holiday
5 15-Apr Fri Good Friday Holiday
6 2-Apr Sat Ugadi / GudiPadwa / Vaisakh Optional
7 16-May Mon Buddha Purnima Optional
8 15-Aug Mon Independence Day National Holiday
9 11-Aug Thu Rakshabandhan Optional
10 9-Aug Tue Muharram Optional
11 19-Aug Fri Janmashtami Holiday
12 31-Aug Wed Ganesh Chaturthi Holiday
13 2-Oct Sun Gandhi Jayanti National Holiday
14 24-Oct Thu Diwali Holiday

2. Casual Leave/ Sick Leave

The employees are eligible to avail of sick leaves when they are not feeling well. They can take sick leave when they have crossed the bare minimum duration in the company. If an employee has a severe illness, the employee needs to show a medical certificate from where you are getting treated. The total number of leave employees can avail varies with the different firms. You can do so through a formal email or by requesting leave in the company’s HR software on the same day as taking a break. You don’t need to inform them days before taking it. He requires you to log in first with his login credentials.

Leave and Working Hours Rules (State Wise)

Leave and Working Hours Rules (State Wise)

Download Free Documents

    3. Maternity Leave (ML)

    The paid maternity leaves are provided to the women employees before and after a child’s birth. You can get paid leave for 26 weeks based on various situations. The company gives you 26 weeks of maternity leave for your 1st and 2nd child. You are eligible to get 12 weeks of paid maternity leaves from the 3rd baby onwards. Companies allow the extension of these leaves for one month in case of critical medical emergencies. If the women have to undergo an abortion of a child or has faced miscarriage recently, she holds the privilege to avail of maternity leaves. Nobody can object to taking these leaves. Although, in such scenarios, the time frame of paid leaves gets minimized.


    Also Check ➜: Download Free Updated Maternity Leave Policy Format


    4. Paternity Leave (PL)

    Paternity leaves are meant for employees about to become or have recently become fathers. Many companies allow the father to take paternity leave. The leaves are provided with the motive of helping the Mother take care of their newly born baby or during the last week of her expected child delivery days. These are the paid leaves, and the total number of paternity leaves given to the father differs based on companies’ policies. Any other male guardian of the newborn baby performing the role of a fatherly figure in his family is also eligible for this leave.

    SHTK banner

    5. Birthday and Anniversary Leave

    Who doesn’t want to take a day off on your big day when you are born? An employee is eligible to get the birthday leaves and the anniversary leaves. You can avail of this leave either on your birthday/anniversary or the day after it. Many companies also have the policy that if your birthday or anniversary falls on the weekends or any other public holiday, you can take a day off on the next working day. Also, keep in mind that your leaves are unavailable on other operating days apart from what I mentioned in such cases. The procedure for this is similar to how you apply other leaves.


    6. Bereavement Leave

    Bereavement leave is provided to an employee when facing the death of either his close friend or a family member. In such cases, a total of three leaves are provided to the employee by management. But, based upon the firm you are working for, the number of these leaves can increase or decrease accordingly. It is often considered temporary leaves. The Bereavement leave, in general, comes under the category of paid leaves if taken for the specified time set allowed by the organization. If additional leaves are needed, then it would be unpaid leave. Although, there can’t be any rule that employers have to follow related to such matters legally.

    7. Uncapped Sick Leave

    Uncapped sick leaves are provided if you need more sick leaves than what’s written in your offer letter. Often the company offers five sick leaves every year. But, in case of emergencies where an employee is unsure of the days he needs medical care or rest at home, he can apply for uncapped sick leaves. Some companies pay it to a certain level, and most of them cover it under unpaid leaves. For example, the biggest Bank, ANZ, provides managed sick leaves to its 9000 employees. A flexible organization can boom to new heights, gaining the utmost employee satisfaction and motivation if they start giving uncapped sick leaves as perks.


    8. Family Leave

    Family leaves are provided to the employees in case of family emergency matters. According to section 27, “An employee is eligible to take the paid family responsibly leaves. The employee can take up to 3 leaves in each cycle of holidays. The condition here is that the breadwinner has been a part of the organization for four months with a minimum of four working days per week.” He can avail of the leaves in the following circumstances. If an employee’s child suffers from a severe illness that requires emergency care or a checkup Child Birth of an employee. If an employee suffers from the death of the same bloodline, family members like parents, guardians, spouse, child, siblings, and grandparents.

    9. Target Achievement Holiday

    Target Achievement leaves are given to the employees who have achieved their preset target by the management. Also, You need to be a permanent employee of the company to avail all such benefits. These targets are required to be completed in a particular performance period. and also, if you manage to do this, you get eligible for compensation. Most companies provide a reasonable payment amount, and target achievement leaves for 1 or 2 days. Your performance is seen and evaluated by your immediate manager. If you exceed the targets, that joy is celebrated by giving you a day off. Some companies give you a day off with international tickets to take a world tour.


    Also Read ➜: 31 Types of Rewards and Recognition for Employees

    10. Study Leave

    The study leaves are granted to the company’s permanent employees on the payroll. The study leave is taken by those employees who have opted for higher studies in line with the company’s overall productivity. But, it can also be taken by the company freshers who are on probation or training and simultaneously pursuing their master’s or bachelor’s. You need to give a formal application and supporting documents like time table etc., to get your leave approved by the management. Generally, most companies grant 10 to 12 paid study leaves annually. The bifurcation is done as two leaves per subject. In case of additional leaves or re-attempting exams, leaves are unpaid.

    11. Compensatory Off

    An employee can take the compensation leave if he has worked for extra hours either on a working day or on the day off. The worker needs to apply for the compensatory leave on the same day he has worked extra. The companies also provide immediate compensation for natural disasters like earthquakes and floods. An employee is called to work on the day off to compensate for the loss. Your manager will track how many extra hours you have worked and approve your half-day or full-day leave accordingly. Some companies also pay to work for additional hours through attractive paychecks or online vouchers. It’s the best way to motivate employees to work extra when there is an urgent need in the company.


    12. Menstruation Leave

    Menstrual leaves are meant for women when they are going through their periods. The leave policy states that all those suffering from menstruation are eligible to take leaves every month. There are no discrepancies while providing menstruation leaves or other types of leaves in India. Many companies like us provide these leaves. Some companies might give 1 or 2 leaves each month, or else they can collectively go for 10 to 12 leaves annually. According to the research, Asian countries have more popularity for it than American and European countries. The labour laws concerned with menstruation leave first got implemented in 1947 in Japan.


    Also Read ➜: These 9 Companies Gives Menstrual Leave in India

    Menstrual Leave in India

    13. Loss Of Pay (LOP)

    So, what is lop leave? Loss of pay leaves is availed by those employees who have fully consumed their paid leaves. In case of any emergency, when there are no leaves left with you, you can ask your employer to grant you the loss of pay leaves. Most companies cut the 40% amount from your daily pay salary on your loss of pay leave days. Some companies have no bond on how many leaves you can avail. But most of them have their policy regarding the leave you can take so that business is not going in loss from the long term perspective. Discuss the maximum loss of pay leaves that the company can grant you in advance.

    In Conclusion

    What would you choose if you’ve given the option to select between Smart work or Hard work? Hard work requires manual labour, and smartly working companies’ have the latest tools and risk planning. These firms have profitable leave management software for accurately tracking leaves. It saves the management’s time wasted upon monitoring & replying to leave applications. The system also tells you about the balance leaves and what all you are eligible to take in the future. It also means legal compliance. The best part is that tracking different types of leaves in India allows employees to have correct payslips and equal leaves distribution according to their eligibility. It saves the company from paying unnecessarily backdated leave and the fines asked by the ERA – Employment Relations Authority and the Labor Inspectors. 


    1. What is the Procedure for Applying Different Types of Leaves in India?

    Most companies have a separate employee leave tracking software that allows them to apply for leaves. Track the remaining leave balance and your eligibility for taking the different types of leaves in India. If your company doesn’t have any software, you can formally write an email application to your immediate manager, taking the human resource team in cc. Mention the starting and ending date of leave, subject line, the purpose of availing leave, specific reasons, full name, designation, contact details, type of leave. Also, include whether you are available for a few hours as work from home and your plans to compensate for it later when you resume back to the company.


    2. Where Can I Find the Leave Policy Document?

    We, in StartupHR Toolkit, provide all the HR-related documents to the companies. It includes the ‘Leave Policy Document’ as well. We offer a customized leave policy as per the specific requirements of every firm. You are one step away from telling us your needs and getting your leave policy designed by us!


    Also Read ➜How to Design a Leave Policy?

    Join a Community of 75,000+ HR Professionals


      Share and Get Free HR Docs
      No Comments

      Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time.

      Get a FREE DEMO

        Download FREE

          1000+ Business Documents

            6 Month HR & Payroll Software

              Know More about Upgrading To PRO

                Know More About 1800+ HR Documents

                  Free Sexual Harassment Policy

                    Get Instant Access

                      Know More about Lifetime Plan

                        Gold Plan FAQ's
                        1. How will free consultation work?
                        We provide a 1-hour free call consultation every month. i.e. You get 12 hours of free call consultation in 1 year. It's up to you how you want to use the 12 hrs, and it can be done once, twice, up to thrice a month.

                        2. Will I get the 3 free customised policy as per my choice?
                        Absolutely Yes. You can tell us to customised any 3 policy which you want.

                        3. How often will I get the updated docs?

                        As the goverment introduces new labour law & regulation, we update the documents and notify you by email.

                        Download Brochure Gold Plan

                          Gold Plan Brochure 

                            Check your email for brochure.

                            2000+ READY TO USE HR DOCUMENTS

                            Make any HR Documents in a Minute

                            Largest Collection Box

                              Start Your Free Demo Today!

                              Additional Rs. 500 OFF.  Use Coupon Code "SAVE500"
                              Apply Coupon

                              Your HR Partners for Lifetime

                              ✓ Lifetime Access To All HR docs
                              ✓ Free Updated Docs For Lifetime
                              ✓ 3 Free Customized HR Policies
                              ✓ Free Setup of Your HR Functions

                                Terms and Conditions apply
                                Click Me